Entrada Destaque CDE: Rapid 9 de março

CDE: Rapid 9 de março

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Comunicado de imprensa

Lisboa, 9 de março de 2018

  • EU-Ukraine: Commission proposes €1 billion in new Macro-Financial Assistance
    The European Commission has adopted a proposal for a new Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) programme for Ukraine worth up to €1 billion to support economic stabilisation and structural reforms. Today's proposal follows a request from the Ukrainian authorities and direct discussions between Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko. The new programme seeks to build on the progress made in supporting economic stabilisation and structural reforms under the three previous MFA operations. All disbursements under the proposed programme, including the first, would be conditional on the implementation of reform measures designed to address vulnerabilities identified in the Ukrainian economy. Established in a Memorandum of Understanding, they would take into account measures that remain outstanding from the previous MFA programme and include steps to intensify the fight against corruption. The EU has so far pledged €12.8 billion to support the reform process in Ukraine, including €2.8 billion through three previous MFA programmes, since the onset of the crisis in 2014. A press release is available online.
     
  • EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey: Steering Committee reports quick and efficient delivery of the EU's commitment to assist Syrian refugees and their host communities in Turkey
    The ninth Steering Committee meeting of the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey took place in Brussels today, chaired by the European Commission. The meeting brought together representatives of EU Member States and Turkey. Members of the European Parliament also participated as observers. The Commission confirmed the quick and efficient delivery of the EU's commitment to assist Syrian refugees and their host communities in Turkey. The operational funds of the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey have been fully committed and contracted, with 72 projects rolled out. More than EUR 1.85 billion was already disbursed at the end of 2017 with the remainder to be disbursed in the course of implementation of projects until mid-2021. The Steering Committee discussed progress in implementation in advance of the publication of the Second Annual Report on the Facility for Refugees in Turkey that is scheduled for next week. More information on the instrument is available in the factsheets: The EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey and Turkey: Refugee crisis.
     
  • Inteligência artificial: Comissão lança trabalho sobre relação entre tecnologia de ponta e normas éticas
    A Comissão abriu hoje candidaturas para adesão a um grupo de peritos em inteligência artificial para recolher opiniões e reunir uma aliança alargada de diversas partes interessadas. Também hoje, o Grupo Europeu de Ética para as Ciências e as Novas Tecnologias (GEE), um órgão consultivo independente da Comissão Europeia, publicou uma declaração sobre inteligência artificial. O grupo de peritos terá a tarefa de aconselhar a Comissão sobre a forma de construir uma comunidade vasta e diversificada de intervenientes numa «Aliança Europeia de IA»; apoiar a implementação da futura iniciativa europeia em matéria de inteligência artificial (abril de 2018); e apresentar, até ao final do ano, um projeto de orientações para o desenvolvimento e utilização éticos da inteligência artificial, baseadas nos direitos fundamentais da UE. As orientações serão elaboradas após uma ampla consulta e com base na declaração hoje emitida pelo GEE. O período de candidatura para o grupo de peritos em inteligência artificial termina em 9 de abril e a Comissão pretende criar este grupo até maio. O grupo agregará e basear-se-á no trabalho relevante para a inteligência artificial realizado por outros peritos, como o Grupo Estratégico de Alto Nível sobre Tecnologias Industriais (relatório intercalar) e o grupo de peritos em matéria de responsabilidade e de novas tecnologias. Para este último, foi também hoje lançado o convite à apresentação de candidaturas. Este grupo de peritos assistirá a Comissão na análise dos problemas relacionados com o atual quadro de responsabilidade. Mais informações disponíveis no comunicado de imprensa.
     
  • Clean air: Commission consults on further improvements to car emissions tests
    The Commission has opened a public consultation on a draft proposal to further improve the quality of car emissions tests to ensure more reliable results and rebuild consumer confidence. As part of the Commission's work for a clean, sustainable and competitive car industry, new and improved car emissions tests are mandatory since 1 September 2017: tests in real driving conditions ("Real Driving Emissions" – RDE) and an improved laboratory test ("World Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure" – WLTP). Now the Commission is tightening the screws further by improving these testsand introducing more controls to guarantee that vehicles already in circulation are in conformity with the emission limits. The proposal which is open for consultation aims at reducing margins of technical uncertainty in RDE testing, increasing emissions checks of cars in circulation and testing by independent and accredited third parties. The Commission also proposes to improve the WLTP procedure by eliminating test flexibilities and introducing for the first time on-board fuel consumption monitoring, thereby making it possible to compare laboratory results for CO2 emissions with the average real driving situation. On the basis of the public feedback received by 5 April, the Commission will table a legal proposal for a vote by the Member States in the Technical Committee of Motor Vehicles (TCMV).
     
  • Eurostat: Les dépenses publiques de protection sociale ont représenté près d'un cinquième du PIB
    Parmi les fonctions des dépenses des administrations publiques dans l'Union européenne (UE), la «protection sociale», équivalente à 19,1% du PIB, était de loin la plus importante en 2016. Venaient ensuite, par ordre d'importance, les fonctions «santé» (7,1%), «services généraux des administrations publiques» tels que les affaires étrangères et les opérations concernant la dette publique (6,0%), «enseignement» (4,7%) et «affaires économiques» (4,0%). Les fonctions «ordre et sécurité publics» (1,7%), «défense» (1,3%), «loisirs, culture et culte» (1,0%), «protection de l'environnement» (0,7%) ainsi que «logements et équipements collectifs» (0,6%) ont eu un poids moins important. A l'échelle de l'UE, ces données masquent toutefois des différences considérables entre États membres en ce qui concerne le pourcentage du PIB consacré à chaque fonction de dépenses des administrations publiques. Un communiqué de presse est disponible ici.